Missouri 2000 Student Survey

Executive Summary

The Missouri 2000 Student Survey was conducted for the State of Missouri's Department of Mental Health, Division of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Programs (DADA), and the Department of Elementary and Secondary Education (DESE), by the Research Triangle Institute (RTI) of North Carolina between February and April of 2000. The survey was administered to over 10,000 Missouri students enrolled in grades 6, 8, 10, and12 in both public and private schools. It is anticipated that the results from this survey will be useful for school planning and will result in greater participation in subsequent administrations of the survey.

This report presents findings designed to provide data on the prevalence of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use among Missouri students in grades 6, 8, 10, and 12 and to identify potentially "modifiable" risk and protective factors that may be useful to consider in planning and targeting prevention programs and services. This report presents the statewide results from this survey.

Key findings from the Missouri 2000 Student Survey analyses are as follows.

Prevalence of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drugs

Prevalence of Violent and Delinquent Behaviors

Risk and Protective Factors

Strengths and Limitations

This study provides valuable information on alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use; violent and prohibited behaviors; and risk and protective factors that will enable the State to:

However, several limitations of this study should be noted. First, this study exclusively focuses on adolescents in public and private schools and does not take into consideration school dropouts, students absent on the day that data were collected, homeless and runaway students, and students who have been institutionalized. Second, the questionnaire implemented in this study measures self-reported behavior. Caution should be taken in interpreting these data because of respondents= tendencies to underreport undesirable behaviors and to have difficulty remembering complicated information, such as age at first use.

Implications and Recommendations These findings suggest that all four domains (community, school, family, and peers) must be addressed together to have an impact on the issue of alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use. A comprehensive systemic approach to this issue using science-based programming and multiple strategies in multiple domains has been proven to be the most effective method of prevention. Concentrating efforts solely on school-based programs or just targeting certain age groups will only yield minimal success. The data do suggest that transitional years for students seem to be a time when alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use increases, and strategies need to address this issue. Data also suggest that prevention programs target the issue of access to alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs in that use seems to increase as access increases. Therefore, the concept of environmental strategies should be addressed in order to decrease access, increase consequences, or change perceptions regarding alcohol, tobacco, and other drug use.

To view the full document in PDF Format, click the link below:Full 2000 Missouri Student Survey (137 pages)